Fact Friday!

I know I missed last weeks but having been so busy and the kids being busy this totally slipped my mind.

So this week since we are 100 years since the first world war we are going to share a few facts the kids found online.

  • When war broke out the government asked for 100,000 volunteers to join the army. They got 750,000 in the very first month.

  •  The Pool of Peace is a 40-ft (12-m) deep lake near Messines, Belgium. It fills a crater made in 1917 when the British detonated a mine containing 45 tons of explosives.

  •  During WWI, dogs were used as messengers and carried orders to the front lines in capsules attached to their bodies. Dogs were also used to lay down telegraph wires.

  •  Around 20,000 dogs served as messengers in World War One - mainly family pets donated to the war effort or strays taken from pounds. However soldiers developed bonds with the animals and often offered to deliver messages in their place.

  •  Four empires collapsed after WWI: Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, German, and Russian.

  •  The First World War claimed the lives of eight million soldiers, with many more left physically and mentally damaged. In addition, nine million civilians were killed.

  •  The Battle of the Somme, which raged from July-November 1916, was one of the bloodiest battles humanity has ever seen, with the British suffering 60,000 casualties on the first day.

  •  When the Battle of the Somme ended in November, the British had suffered 420,000 casualties, the French 195,000 and the Germans around 650,000.

  •  World War One sparked the invention of plastic surgery -  surgeon Harold Gillie pioneered early techniques of facial reconstruction after being horrified by shrapnel injuries, where shards of twisted metal could easily rip a man's face off.

  •  British Field Marshal Douglas Haig - commander of the Battle of the Somme - set up the Poppy Appeal in 1921. The first appeal raised £106,000 (nearly £30 million in today's terms) and all the poppies were supplied from France.

  •  Around 12 million letters were delivered to the front every week - by the end of the war, two billion letters and 114 million parcels had had been delivered.

  •  More than 250,000 underage British soldiers fought in the First World War - recruits had to be 18 to sign up and 19 to serve overseas, but as most people didn't have birth certificates, it was easy for underage boys to lie about their age.

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